They are crops belonging to the Poaceae or Grasses family that are normally exploited in large areas and whose grains are characterized by their high carbohydrate content. Generally, this type of crop has an agro-industrial use. Wheat, barley or corn are an example.
Its adaptability to different soils and climatic conditions has led to its widespread use in developing and developed countries, playing an important role in rural life.
For the production to be as expected, it is necessary to know very well the needs of each type of cereal, as well as the most suitable form and date to sow them. They have an annual vegetative cycle, so they are divided into winter cereals and summer cereals.
The terrain: it must be in optimal physical and chemical conditions in addition to meeting certain specifications to obtain good results.
The depth to which it will be sown will depend on the size of the seed, the humidity of the soil or the climatic conditions
The distance between the seeds of this will depend on the healthy competition between the roots of the crop or the penetration of light. When using a seeder it is usually varied between 10 and 30 centimeters in distance.
Cereals, like other crops, need a land that provides them with the main macronutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium). The proper amount of compost will depend on the conditions in which the soil is.
Aspects to take into account when choosing a fertilizer:
- Nitrogen needs will be conditioned by the species, variety and quality of the harvest. In this way, throughout the crop cycle the needs are different and in the case of winter cereals they are more important in the godson and the encased.
Soil analysis to calculate the optimal dose of fertilizer for a good evolution of the crop. This dose should allow the plant to be properly nourished so there should be no excesses or deficiencies of nutrients.
The “law of the minimum”: The yield of the harvest is determined by the nutritive element found in the soil in less quantity in relation to the needs of the crop. An excess of one nutrient does not compensate for a lack of another.
- It is necessary to choose a product that includes nitric, that is, avoid ureic-ammoniacal or exclusively ureic products, which require transformation in the soil to be available to the plant.
Es necesario escoger un producto que incluya nítrico, es decir, evitar productos ureico-amoniacales o exclusivamente ureicos, que requieren la transformación en el suelo para que sean disponibles para la planta.
Effectiveness trial in rice
To demonstrate the efficacy of the use of products with amino acids in situations of herbicide stress.